Salt Solutions

Figure 3.08. Ice+Brine mixtures. Mixtures of ice and brine in equilibrium at temperatures below 0°C. Temperatures and brine compositions are given for each. Notice that the weight percent H2O in the brines is lower for lower temperatures. The volume of ice crystals floating in the brine decreases as the ice melts, the solution becomes more dilute, and the ice saturation temperature rises. At the lower temperatures, there is condensation on the outside of the flask due to the cold glass.