103b bg 2012

From CSclasswiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This is Alison Gould's CSC 103 Homework Assignment for 2/22/12. Below, you will find the illustrated report for the computer lab.

Overview

103bg computer.jpg

The make and model number of the computer that my partner and I took apart is Dell HPU2106F3. We were at station 16. When we first removed the computer cover, the parts immediately visible included the motherboard, the fan, the CD/DVD drive, the power supply, and the RAM chip.

103bg cables.jpg

The cables, seen here, connect everything to the power supply.

Parts

Components of the computer:

  1. Processor
  2. RAM
  3. CD/DVD Player/Burner
  4. Power Supply
  5. Hard Disk
  6. Motherboard
  7. Crystal

Processor

103bg processor.jpg
  • Intel MPGA478B
  • 2 GHz
  • The processor was adhered to the fan, as seen at left.
  • According to Wikipedia, a processor "incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit, (IC) or at most a few integrated circuits. It is a multipurpose, programmable device that accepts digital data as input, processes it according to instructions stored in its memory, and provides results as output. It is an example of sequential digital logic, as it has internal memory." (in Wikipedia. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microprocessor). In addition, the faster the processor is, the more programs and computations the computer can run.

RAM (Random Access Memory)

103bg RAM.jpg
  • 512 MB (256 MB X 2)
  • Made by Micron
  • RAM is "a form of computer data storage. Today, it takes the form of integrated circuits that allow stored data to be accessed in any order with a worst case performance of constant time...RAM is often associated with volatile types of memory (such as DRAM memory modules), where its stored information is lost if the power is removed." (in Wikipedia. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAM).

CD/DVD Player/Burner

103bg CDDVD.jpg
  • Dual CD/DVD ROM Drive
  • Samsung SM-348
  • This is "a disk drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves near the light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs. Some drives can only read from discs, but recent drives are commonly both readers and recorders, also called burners or writers." (in Wikipedia. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_disc_drive).

Power Supply

103bg powersupply.jpg
  • 210 Watts
  • Dell
  • According to Wikipedia, "A power supply unit (PSU) converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of the computer. Modern personal computers universally use a switched-mode power supply. Some power supplies have a manual selector for input voltage, while others automatically adapt to the supply voltage." (Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_supply_unit_(computer)).

Hard Disk

103bg harddisk.jpg
  • 40 GB
  • Seagate; Barracuda 7200.7
  • Located next to the CD/DVD drive.
  • Inside the hard disk is a disc and a needle to read the disc. According to Wikipedia, "A hard disk drive (HDD; also hard drive, hard disk, or disk drive) is a device for storing and retrieving digital information, primarily computer data. It consists of one or more rigid (hence "hard") rapidly rotating discs (often referred to as platters), coated with magnetic material and with magnetic heads arranged to write data to the surfaces and read it from them." (Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_disk_drive).

Motherboard

103bg motherboard.jpg
  • On the motherboard, you can see both the battery and the crystal. The battery is a Panasonic CR2032. It is used to power the crystal.
  • The lines on the motherboard are the internal wires connecting the inputs with everything so as to work as one unit. The motherboard itself is "the central printed circuit board (PCB) in many modern computers and holds many of the crucial components of the system, providing connectors for other peripherals...It also connects the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices." (Retrieved from Wikipedia, Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motherboard).

Crystal

103bg crystal.jpg
  • In the photo, the crystal is located in the upper left hand corner. It is labeled D143E4H.
  • The crystal determines the processing frequency of the CPU. According to Wikipedia, "A crystal oscillator is an electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a very precise frequency. This frequency is commonly used to keep track of time (as in quartz wristwatches), to provide a stable clock signal for digital integrated circuits, and to stabilize frequencies for radio transmitters and receivers." (Retrieved Feb. 21, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_oscillator).


Links